The Garden Snail Menu: What They Eat, Effects on Your Garden, and Prevention

Garden snails are fascinating creatures that can be found in many gardens around the world. These seemingly simple organisms have unique dietary habits and behaviors that can impact the health and vitality of your garden.

This comprehensive guide will delve into the diet of garden snails, their peculiar behaviors, and the most effective strategies for managing their presence to maintain a thriving garden ecosystem.

Garden Snail Diet – What Do They Eat?

Garden snails have a diverse diet that includes various plant materials and even other animals. Here, we’ll explore their preferred food sources and how they consume their meals.

Food sources for garden snails

Garden snails are primarily herbivorous and consume a wide range of plant materials, such as:

  • Leaves
  • Fruits
  • Vegetables
  • Flowers

However, they’re not strictly limited to plant-based foods. Garden snails also indulge in:

  • Fungi
  • Decaying plant material
  • Small insects and their larvae
  • Other snails and slugs

Unique Snail Behaviors and Preferences

Snails exhibit some intriguing behaviors and preferences that can be used to our advantage in managing their populations in the garden.

Snails and beer

Though not part of their natural diet, snails are inexplicably attracted to beer. Gardeners have exploited this fact to help control snail populations. By placing bowls of beer around problem areas in the garden, the snails are drawn to the liquid, eventually falling in and drowning.

Snails and heavy metals

Interestingly, snails have a peculiar ability to gather and detoxify heavy metals in their environment. They don’t consume the metals directly, but rather process and deposit them into their shells. This unique ability makes snails valuable bioindicators for researchers studying the presence of heavy metals in specific regions.

Foods to avoid

It’s essential to be aware of foods that can be harmful to snails. Garden snails should never consume:

  • Processed foods
  • Rice
  • Bread
  • Crackers
  • Salt

Salt, in particular, is deadly to snails. It can quickly dehydrate them and cause death in high enough concentrations.

How Garden Snails Affect Your Garden

Garden snails can have detrimental effects on your garden, damaging plants and potentially spreading diseases.

Damage to plants and disease spread

Garden snails have a specialized mouthpart called a radula, which functions like a rasp or file, allowing them to scrape and consume plant tissues.

The feeding habits of garden snails can result in unsightly holes in leaves, flowers, and fruits. In some cases, they can even cause the death of young seedlings or small plants.

Additionally, their slimy trails can leave behind a layer of mucus on plant surfaces. Snails can also spread plant diseases through their feeding activities, as they move from one plant to another, potentially carrying pathogens.

Susceptible plants

Some plants are particularly susceptible to garden snail damage, including:

  • Lettuce
  • Strawberries
  • Tomatoes
  • Basil
  • Hostas

Understanding which plants are more prone to snail damage can help you better plan your garden and implement strategies to protect vulnerable species.

How to Manage Garden Snails in Your Garden

Effectively managing garden snails is essential for maintaining a healthy and attractive garden. Here are some strategies and tips for controlling snail populations.

Strategies for managing garden snails

There are several methods you can employ to manage garden snails in your garden:

  • Physical barriers: Copper tape or crushed eggshells can deter snails from crossing into specific areas of your garden.
  • Natural predators: Encourage the presence of natural predators, such as birds, frogs, and ground beetles, to help control snail populations.
  • Organic pest control: Use products like diatomaceous earth or iron phosphate-based baits to safely control snails without harming other organisms.

Preventing snails from entering your garden

To minimize the chances of snails invading your garden, consider implementing the following preventive measures:

  • Remove hiding spots: Eliminate potential hiding places, such as piles of leaves, debris, and stones, where snails can take refuge during the day.
  • Watering schedule: Water your garden early in the morning, rather than in the evening, as snails are more active at night and prefer moist environments.
  • Regular inspections: Regularly inspect your plants and the surrounding area for snails and remove them promptly.

Do Snails Eat Grass — and Can They Damage Your Lawn?

Yes, snails do eat grass and certain plants. But they do so rarely and even when they do, they eat so little that it doesn’t cause any noticeable damage to your lawn, garden, backyard, or wherever else you spotted them.

That’s what happens usually. However, in some cases, the slimy pests can end up eating too much and damage your plants.

How Much Damage Can Snails Do to Your Grass?

The damage caused by snails is minimal because even when there are several of them feasting on your plants at once, their mouths can’t actually get through thick roots or stems. Furthermore, snails do not feed for long periods. So all in all, they do little to no damage.

Why Do Snails Eat Grass?

Snails eat grass only as a last resort. They require a specific type of food to survive on which is why you won’t find them grazing in your yard for hours at a time like some kind of four-legged lawnmower.

The reason snails don’t dine on vegetation unless there’s nothing else available to them is that the majority of their sustenance comes from certain types of algae that grow naturally within bodies of water — including freshwater ponds and lakes, salt marshes, estuaries, mangrove swamps, and mudflats. Some species even consume seafoam or sand!

Snail Diet FAQs

Do Snails Eat Fruits?

Despite their name, snails do not have teeth. They have a tongue-like organ called a radula which is covered in thousands of tiny tooth-shaped structures made from calcium carbonate known as ‘denticles’. These denticles are arranged in rows and when the snail uses its radula to rasp away at vegetation — such as grass — it strips off cell layers to get down into the plant’s vascular system where nutrients reside.

Thanks to their denticles, snails do eat fruits. However, they do so only if there’s nothing else available for them because fruits filled with starch do little more than making them fat!

Do Snails Eat Plants?

Yes, snails eat plants. They are primarily herbivores that feed on algae and decaying plant or animal matter. Certain species even dine on fresh living plants if their usual food source is unavailable.

Do Snails Eat Vegetables?

Yes, snails do eat vegetables. However, just like fruits, they only eat certain veggies and those too in small amounts.

Do Snails Eat Meat?

No, snails do not eat meat. As we mentioned earlier, they are herbivores that consume mostly algae and decaying plant or animal matter. They never feast on meat, not even if there’s no other food source available.

Which Foods Do Both Humans and Snails Eat?

Interestingly, some of the same foods that humans eat are also consumed by snails. These include fruits like apples and grapes, vegetables such as lettuce and cabbage, grains such as rice and oats, bread, pasta, and even candy! Furthermore, just like humans, a snail’s diet can be quite diverse if there’s enough food variety in its environment.


Garden snails may seem like innocuous, slow-moving creatures, but they can cause significant damage to your garden if left unchecked. By understanding their dietary habits, unique behaviors, and the plants most susceptible to their feeding, you can implement effective strategies to manage their populations and protect your garden.

With careful planning and attention, you can maintain a healthy, snail-free environment for your plants to thrive.


  • Nathan Collins

    Having spent years working in the landscaping industry, Nathan Collins has cultivated a wealth of knowledge about the natural world. He is committed to helping others appreciate the beauty in their backyards, whether it's through identifying rare rocks and minerals or crafting the perfect landscape.

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