Do Possums Eat Squirrels: A Break Down of Their Diet

Possums and squirrels are two common types of wildlife that can be found in various regions of the world. Possums are a type of marsupial, while squirrels are a type of rodent. Both animals play important roles in the ecosystem, and understanding their diets is crucial to maintaining ecological balance.

The objective of this guide is to determine whether possums eat squirrels. To do so, we will provide background information on possums and squirrels, discuss possums’ diet, explore documented cases and observations of possums preying on squirrels, examine the impacts of possum-squirrel predation on the ecosystem, and provide strategies for managing and conserving these species.

Background Information


Possums are a diverse group of animals, with more than 100 species found throughout the world. In North America, the Virginia opossum is the only species of possum. In Australia, the common brushtail possum is one of the most well-known species.

Possums are found in a wide range of habitats, from forests and grasslands to urban areas. They are primarily nocturnal and spend much of their time in trees. Possums are opportunistic feeders and will eat a variety of foods.


Squirrels are a type of rodent found in many parts of the world. There are several species of squirrels, including the grey squirrel, red squirrel, and flying squirrel. Squirrels are adapted to life in trees and are excellent climbers. They are primarily herbivorous, feeding on nuts, seeds, fruits, and leaves.

Possums’ Diet

Possums are omnivorous, meaning they eat both plant and animal-based foods. Their diet varies depending on factors such as seasonal availability, geographic location, and the age and size of the possum.

Plant-based foods

Possums eat a variety of plant-based foods, including:

  • Fruits
  • Vegetables
  • Nuts

Animal-based foods

Possums are also known to eat a variety of animal-based foods, including:

  • Insects
  • Small mammals
  • Birds
  • Eggs

Possums have several adaptations that help them feed on a range of foods, including:

  • Prehensile tail: Possums have a prehensile tail that can be used to grasp onto branches and stabilize themselves while feeding.
  • Sharp teeth and strong jaws: Possums have sharp teeth and strong jaws that allow them to bite through tough materials, such as nuts and shells.
  • Opportunistic foraging strategies: Possums are opportunistic feeders and will take advantage of any food source that becomes available to them.

Predation of Squirrels by Possums

Possums have been documented preying on a variety of small mammals, including squirrels. While predation of squirrels by possums is not common, it does occur.

Prey selection

Possums are opportunistic predators and will take advantage of any prey that presents itself. When it comes to squirrels, possums are more likely to prey on younger or weaker individuals, as they are easier to catch.

Documented cases and observations

There have been several documented cases and observations of possums preying on squirrels. These include:

  • Field studies: Researchers have observed possums preying on squirrels in their natural habitats.
  • Captive environments: Possums have been observed preying on squirrels in captive environments.
  • Anecdotal evidence: Many people have reported seeing possums eating squirrels in their backyards or other urban areas.

While these observations suggest that possums do prey on squirrels, it is important to note that such instances are relatively rare. Squirrels are fast and agile, making them difficult prey for most predators, including possums. Additionally, possums are primarily scavengers and will typically opt for easier sources of food, such as roadkill or carrion.

Comparisons to other predators of squirrels

While possums do prey on squirrels, they are not the only predators of these small mammals. Other predators of squirrels include:

  • Birds of prey, such as hawks and owls
  • Carnivorous mammals, such as foxes and coyotes
  • Reptiles, such as snakes

Impacts of Possum-Squirrel Predation

Possum-squirrel predation can have significant impacts on the ecosystem, particularly in terms of food chain dynamics, population control, and biodiversity.

Ecological implications

Possums and squirrels both play important roles in the ecosystem. Squirrels help disperse seeds and can act as a food source for other predators. Possums, in turn, help control populations of insects and other small animals.

When possums prey on squirrels, it can disrupt these food chain dynamics, potentially leading to imbalances in the ecosystem. Additionally, if possums become too efficient at preying on squirrels, it could lead to declines in squirrel populations.

Interactions with humans

Possum-squirrel predation can also have implications for human-wildlife interactions. In urban and suburban environments, possums and squirrels often come into contact with humans, and conflicts can arise if possums are preying on squirrels in areas where people live.

Additionally, public opinion and perceptions of these animals can be influenced by reports of possums preying on squirrels. If people perceive possums as a threat to other wildlife, it could impact efforts to conserve these species.

Management and Conservation Efforts

To manage and conserve possums and squirrels, it is important to develop strategies that protect vulnerable species while promoting coexistence between humans and wildlife.

Strategies to protect vulnerable species

Some strategies that can help protect vulnerable species include:

  • Habitat preservation: Protecting and preserving natural habitats can help ensure that possums and squirrels have access to the resources they need to survive.
  • Population management: In some cases, population management efforts may be necessary to prevent declines in squirrel populations.
  • Education and public awareness: Educating the public about the importance of possums and squirrels in the ecosystem can help promote conservation efforts.

Promoting coexistence

Promoting coexistence between humans and wildlife is also important for managing and conserving possums and squirrels. Some strategies that can help promote coexistence include:

  • Responsible wildlife management: Encouraging responsible wildlife management practices, such as keeping trash and food sources secure, can help prevent conflicts between humans and wildlife.
  • Balancing the needs of humans and wildlife: Finding ways to balance the needs of humans and wildlife, such as through the development of green spaces and wildlife corridors, can help promote coexistence.


While possums do prey on squirrels, it is not a common occurrence. Understanding the diets of animals like possums and squirrels is crucial for maintaining ecological balance and promoting conservation efforts. By developing strategies that protect vulnerable species and promote coexistence between humans and wildlife, we can help ensure that possums and squirrels continue to play important roles in the ecosystem.


  • Nathan Collins

    Having spent years working in the landscaping industry, Nathan Collins has cultivated a wealth of knowledge about the natural world. He is committed to helping others appreciate the beauty in their backyards, whether it's through identifying rare rocks and minerals or crafting the perfect landscape.

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