Can You Eat Squirrel?

Yes, it is possible to eat squirrels. In many cultures around the world, squirrels are consumed as a source of protein and nutrition. However, it is worth noting that the consumption of squirrels varies regionally and culturally. In some places, squirrel meat is considered a delicacy and prepared in various dishes, while in others it may not be commonly consumed. It is also important to highlight that hunting and consuming squirrels should comply with legal regulations and ethical considerations. If considering squirrel consumption, it is best to research local laws and consult with experts for guidance on sustainable hunting practices.

Historical Context

Squirrel Consumption in Ancient Cultures

  • Native Americans consumed squirrel meat as part of their diet.
  • European settlers in the United States were also known to eat squirrel.

Squirrel Hunting Traditions in the United States and Europe

  • Squirrel hunting was popular during the Great Depression, when food was scarce.
  • Squirrel hunting remains a popular pastime in some rural areas of the United States and Europe.

Nutritional Content

Squirrel Meat Composition

Squirrel meat is a lean source of protein with several health benefits.

  1. Protein content
    • A 3.5-ounce (100-gram) serving contains around 21 grams of protein.
  2. Fat content
    • Low in fat, with about 3 grams of fat per 3.5-ounce (100-gram) serving.
  3. Vitamin and mineral content
    • Rich in essential nutrients, such as vitamin B12, iron, and selenium.

Health Benefits and Potential Risks

  1. Lean source of protein
    • Squirrel meat is low in fat and high in protein, making it a healthy choice for those looking to consume lean meat.
  2. Omega-3 fatty acids
    • Squirrel meat contains omega-3 fatty acids, which have been linked to various health benefits, including reduced inflammation and improved heart health.
  3. Possible risks associated with wild game consumption
    • Consuming wild game can have some risks, such as exposure to parasites and diseases (discussed further in the Safety Concerns and Precautions section).


Legal and Ethical Considerations

Hunting Laws and Regulations

  1. Licenses and permits
    • In most regions, you need a hunting license to legally hunt squirrels.
    • Some areas may also require specific permits or tags.
  2. Hunting seasons and bag limits
    • Hunting seasons and bag limits vary by region, so it’s essential to familiarize yourself with local regulations.

Ethical Concerns

  1. Sustainable hunting practices
    • Practice sustainable hunting by only taking what you need and respecting local wildlife populations.
  2. Animal welfare considerations
    • Ensure a quick, humane kill to minimize suffering.

Preparing and Cooking Squirrel Meat

Proper Handling and Storage

  1. Field dressing and skinning
    • Properly field dress the squirrel by removing the entrails and skinning the carcass.
  2. Storing and freezing
    • Refrigerate squirrel meat within a few hours of harvesting.
    • Freeze the meat if you don’t plan to cook it within a couple of days.

Popular Squirrel Recipes and Cooking Techniques

  1. Squirrel stew
    • A hearty stew made with squirrel meat, vegetables, and a savory broth.
  2. Fried squirrel
    • Squirrel pieces coated in seasoned flour and fried to a golden brown.
  3. Roasted squirrel
    • Whole squirrel roasted with herbs and spices.
  4. Squirrel pot pie
    • A comforting dish made with squirrel meat, vegetables, and a flaky pie crust.

Tips for Tenderizing and Enhancing Flavor

  • Marinate squirrel meat for several hours or overnight to tenderize and enhance flavor.
  • Slow-cook squirrel meat to help break down tough muscle fibers.

Safety Concerns and Precautions

Parasites and Diseases

  1. Trichinosis
    • A parasitic infection that can be contracted by eating undercooked squirrel meat infected with the Trichinella parasite. – Proper cooking (reaching an internal temperature of 160°F or 71°C) can kill the parasite and prevent infection.
  1. Tularemia
    • A bacterial infection that can be transmitted through contact with an infected squirrel or consumption of undercooked meat.
    • Wear gloves when handling squirrel carcasses and cook meat thoroughly to minimize the risk.
  2. Other potential diseases
    • Squirrels can carry other diseases, such as Lyme disease and leptospirosis, though the risk of transmission through consumption is low when proper precautions are taken.

Signs of a Sick Squirrel

  • Unusual behavior, such as lack of fear or aggression.
  • Discharge from the eyes, nose, or mouth.
  • Lesions or abnormal growths on the skin.
  • Emaciation or weakness.

Safe Cooking Practices to Minimize Risks

  • Cook squirrel meat to an internal temperature of 160°F (71°C) to kill any parasites or bacteria.
  • Use a meat thermometer to ensure the meat has reached the proper temperature.
  • Always wash your hands and any surfaces that come into contact with raw meat.

Alternatives to Squirrel Meat

Other Wild Game Options

  • Rabbit: Similar in taste and texture to squirrel, rabbit is another lean game meat option.
  • Venison: Deer meat is also a popular choice for those seeking wild game alternatives.
  • Wild turkey: A lean, flavorful option for poultry enthusiasts.

Plant-Based Protein Sources

For those who would prefer not to consume squirrel or other wild game, there are plenty of plant-based protein sources available:

  • Legumes: Beans, lentils, and chickpeas are all high in protein and can be used in various dishes.
  • Tofu: Made from soybeans, tofu is a versatile protein source that can be used in a range of recipes.
  • Tempeh: Another soy-based product, tempeh has a unique texture and can be used in place of meat in many dishes.
  • Seitan: Made from wheat gluten, seitan is high in protein and can mimic the texture of meat when cooked.


How Does A Squirrel Taste?

Regarding taste, squirrel meat is often described as having a flavor similar to other game meats such as rabbit or chicken. The taste can vary depending on factors such as the squirrel’s diet and the way it is cooked. Some people enjoy the rich and slightly nutty flavor of squirrel meat, while others may find it slightly gamey. Like any meat, seasoning and cooking technique can greatly influence the overall taste and experience.

Can You Eat All Parts of A Squirrel?

When it comes to eating squirrels, it is possible to consume all parts of the animal. Different culinary traditions have various recipes that utilize various parts of the squirrel, including the meat, organs, and even bones for making stocks or broths. However, it is essential to ensure the meat is properly handled, cooked, and prepared to avoid any health risks.

Is Squirrel Red Meat?

Squirrel meat is classified as a type of game meat rather than red meat. Red meat typically refers to meat from large mammals such as beef, lamb, or venison. Squirrel is considered to be white meat, similar to poultry.

In Which Country do People Eat Squirrel?

People in various countries have a history of consuming squirrel meat as part of their diets. Some examples include:

  1. United States: Squirrel hunting and consumption are particularly prominent in certain parts of the United States, such as the Southern states and Appalachia. Squirrel recipes are often passed down through generations, and it is sometimes enjoyed as a regional specialty.
  2. United Kingdom: In the UK, squirrel meat has gained popularity due to conservation efforts to manage the grey squirrel population, which poses a threat to native red squirrels. Consuming grey squirrel meat provides a way to utilize the invasive species while supporting conservation initiatives.
  3. France: Particularly in some rural areas of France, squirrel meat is occasionally included in traditional dishes. It is sometimes prepared as a game stew or used in regional recipes.


Squirrel meat has been a popular protein source for centuries, and with good reason. It’s lean, nutritious, and can be prepared in various delicious ways. However, it’s essential to be aware of the legal, ethical, and safety concerns associated with consuming squirrel meat. By following proper hunting practices, handling, and cooking techniques, you can safely and responsibly enjoy squirrel as part of your diet. If you decide that squirrel meat isn’t for you, there are plenty of other wild game and plant-based protein options to explore.


  • Nathan Collins

    Having spent years working in the landscaping industry, Nathan Collins has cultivated a wealth of knowledge about the natural world. He is committed to helping others appreciate the beauty in their backyards, whether it's through identifying rare rocks and minerals or crafting the perfect landscape.

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